updated April 2017

I study the relationships between different types of wage earners in the early modern Sweden economy, with the goal of understanding participation in and the development of the waged economy, and what these developments meant for household living standards. I aim to move beyond macro historical wages studies that look only at men’s day wages, toward a more nuanced and complete perspective. My research is motivated by the desire to understand the changes in living standards and decision making processes of households in the past, and to extend the research frontier to groups which have tended to be less visible in the historical record.



Business as usual: Nobility and landed estates in Sweden”, with Mats Olsson. Forthcoming in Essays in Economic & Business History, May 2017.

Working papers

Constructing Equality? Women’s wages for physical labor, 1550-1759

A shorter version of the paper, which was awarded the New Researchers’s Prize at the 2017 EHS Annual Conference, can be read here.

Works in progress

Men’s annual wages and day wages in Early Modern Sweden. With Mats Olsson.

Skill premium for annually employed women in Early Modern Sweden.

Consumption-basket-style price series for Stockholm and Southern Sweden, 1500-1914.

A gender equality index for Sweden, 1750-1914. With Faustine Perrin.

Blog posts

Income and the household: women’s work and wages in early modern Sweden, based on women’s day wages in Swedish construction.

Constructing Equality? Women’s wages, physical labor, and demand factors in Sweden 1550-1759a shorter blog post based on women’s wages and work patterns in Sweden.

Future work

Social tables and inequality in Sweden, 1749. With Erik Bengtsson.

Prior work

Master’s thesis: Wages in Comparison. Scandinavia in the early modern period: Evidence from Scania. Preliminary work on wages in the south of Sweden in the early modern period. Spring 2014.